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Stadion Steaua

Bucharest
Client

Ministry of National Defense through CSA Steaua Bucharest

Size
GBA 82.000 sqm; capacity: 31.350 places

Type
Sport

Design 

architecture: Graphic Studio SRL

autors: Nemes Károly, Radu Gîdiuță, Dragoș Mihai Dordea

design team: Iulia Popescu, Zenaida Elena Florea, Laura Mazâlu, Andreea Petre, Andrei Varvara, Didier Chifan, Iulia Tonceanu, Ana Dincă, Florin Bucin, Mladen Stankić, Leszek Zaremba

structural: Popp & Asociaţii SRL – Dragoș Marcu, Mădălin Coman, Ionel Badea, Mihai Biță, Bogdan Gagionea, Tiberiu Vișan,

instalations-MEP: MC General Construct Engineering SRL – Marian Cernovschi, Mihai Popescu, Silviu Tănăsie, Petrică Iancu, Ștefan Petre, Daniel Stan, Laura Oiță, Călin Ștefan

roads & platforms: Via Proiect SRL – Silviu Brăteanu

signage: Ciprian Robu

facade: Mariana Niculescu

consultant: Dan Turcu, Cristian Holban

general designer: Construcţii Erbașu SA și Popp & Asociaţii SRL

general  contractor: Construcţii Erbașu SA, Concelex SRL și Terra Gaz Construct SRL

investor: National Investment Company – CNI SA (Compania Naţională de Investiții SA)

photos: Marius Vasile, Construcţii Erbașu, graphic studio

Description

In addition to the functional requirements for the construction of a stadium with two levels of grandstands for +30.000 seats with all the related facilities, the design brief for the new Steaua stadium asked to express on a formal level the shape of the five corners star. The design of the stadium started from these two directions at the same time.

Both directions – the formal and the functional – have been united through a structural concept that responds to a third challenge – that of a rapid, immediate realization.

The answer came by designing a building in which structure becomes architecture. Just like in sports, when athletes achieve outstanding performances seemingly easily, without effort in the eyes of the spectators, we wanted the architectural expression to be manifested on the outside through a structure that is elegant and light. In the same vein, non-structural closures are obvious and light, as is sportswear.

The construction is divided into two registers that correspond to the lower and the upper tiers, accessible through a perimeter esplanade located 4m above the ground level. The lower register connects to the ground, the context, the history and the upper one becomes autonomous, thus manifesting the essence of a stadium, a modern temple of sport.

The five-pointed star is expressed at the lower tier level. The starry shape, typical of military fortifications, becomes a reason to receive spectators in the stadium. Thus, the five corners are transformed from defence elements into reception elements, forming the monumental stairs that give access to the stands. The stairs accentuate through their slopes the shape of the star with polar, non-Cartesian. At the upper level, the metal tie rods that support the roof take the polar geometry of the star and transpose it in a vertical plane. They are arranged inclined in the plane of the beams, alternately inwards and outwards. Looking along the line of the tyrants, it forms a star peak.

From an urban point of view, the star is oriented to the north point, the interior functions and the spaces adjacent to the building responding contextually. Thus, towards Ghencea boulevard, a public square will be formed, towards which the museum, two commercial spaces, the ticket offices and two restaurants will be opened on the ground floor. On the west side there is access to the VIP area and the related underground parking, access for athletes, access to the press and the club offices. To the south is the hotel and the canteen, the south-west corner offering spaces for Steaua TV offices and the south-east corner offering access to the numerous training spaces that make the heel a real sports base. Thus, on the east and south sides, on the ground floor and basement there are training areas for table tennis, wrestling, boxing, weightlifting, judo, compressed air shooting, archery, rifle shooting, but also a fitness room.

The show and the sports performance are announced by elements of architectural decoration that are manifested distinctly at the two levels. On the parapet of the esplanade, was placed a galvanized steel frieze with the names of the legendary athletes of Steaua. During the events, on matchdays however, the building comes to life through the architectural lighting systems and the LED facade on the north side, creating a spectacle, activating the urban space.

During the day and outside of sporting events, we wanted the stadium to have a discreet presence created by the registers and proportions of classic derivation.